Why should this be art?

Sandra Frimmel

I Hate the Avant-garde
A closer examination of a painting

Übersetzt von Michael Turnbull

Veröffentlicht am 08.09.2019


I Hate the Avant-Garde. When an artist as self-ironic and self-reflective as Yuri Albert makes such a statement about art, then skepticism is called for. Like his overall series Elitist-Democratic Art, the title deliberately plays with simple affirmations and negations, and at the same time exhibits the inherent receptive dilemma of the series: a (large) part of the artistically trained viewers see these shorthand works as abstract forms, without understanding the text, and only the few who can read (Russian) shorthand perceive a text, which for them doesn’t necessarily have to be art. I Hate the Avant-Garde was created in 2017, after a sketch made in 1987 in reaction to a changed situation in the reception of nonconformist art. With the beginning of perestroika, unofficial art that had hitherto been excluded from the state-run art scene—that is, from the official infrastructure of museums and exhibition spaces, and from art scholarship and criticism—was suddenly shown in larger, publicly accessible exhibitions. Viewers who for decades had been used to socialist realism were now confronted with an art that was difficult to recognize as such and that they first had to learn to read. They said to the artists: “‘We don’t understand this. Why should this be art?’ Only a very small circle of insiders didn’t ask such questions,” is how Yuri Albert describes the situation. He continues:

“The questions don’t reflect my own opinion. They echo the opinions of possible viewers about what they see or would like to see in an exhibition. At the time, the unprepared Soviet viewer was confronted with a rush of modernism and postmodernism, avant-garde and neo-avant-garde, confirmation and confutation. Instead of a gradual increase in awareness, the viewer was given a mixed bag of everything. People discussed things that in other countries had long been settled: for example, whether an artist had to be able to paint and draw, whether abstract art is really art, whether Kazimir Malevich was a fraud, and so on. For the Soviet viewer at the time, and for the artists, everything came all at once. It was simultaneously new, and everything was avant-garde. This is why the sentence ‘I hate the avant-garde’ is very ambivalent.

“What does it mean? Perhaps it stands for an evaluation of the post-revolutionary avant-garde as totalitarian Bolshevik art, then a widespread view among anti-Soviet nonconformist artists. Perhaps it’s an expression of the dissatisfaction of the...

  • Avantgarde
  • Sozialismus
  • Schrift
  • Demokratie
  • Konzeptkunst

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Sandra Frimmel

Sandra Frimmel

ist Kunsthistorikerin. Sie ist wissenschaftliche Koordinatorin des Zentrums Künste und Kulturtheorie (ZKK) an der Universität Zürich und Projektmanagerin bei der artasfoundation, Zürich.
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